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Computer Science > Robotics

Title: A Portable, Self-Contained Neuroprosthetic Hand with Deep Learning-Based Finger Control

Abstract: Objective: Deep learning-based neural decoders have emerged as the prominent approach to enable dexterous and intuitive control of neuroprosthetic hands. Yet few studies have materialized the use of deep learning in clinical settings due to its high computational requirements. Methods: Recent advancements of edge computing devices bring the potential to alleviate this problem. Here we present the implementation of a neuroprosthetic hand with embedded deep learning-based control. The neural decoder is designed based on the recurrent neural network (RNN) architecture and deployed on the NVIDIA Jetson Nano - a compacted yet powerful edge computing platform for deep learning inference. This enables the implementation of the neuroprosthetic hand as a portable and self-contained unit with real-time control of individual finger movements. Results: The proposed system is evaluated on a transradial amputee using peripheral nerve signals (ENG) with implanted intrafascicular microelectrodes. The experiment results demonstrate the system's capabilities of providing robust, high-accuracy (95-99%) and low-latency (50-120 msec) control of individual finger movements in various laboratory and real-world environments. Conclusion: Modern edge computing platforms enable the effective use of deep learning-based neural decoders for neuroprosthesis control as an autonomous system. Significance: This work helps pioneer the deployment of deep neural networks in clinical applications underlying a new class of wearable biomedical devices with embedded artificial intelligence.
Subjects: Robotics (cs.RO); Artificial Intelligence (cs.AI); Human-Computer Interaction (cs.HC)
Journal reference: Journal of Neural Engineering 18 (2021) 056051
DOI: 10.1088/1741-2552/ac2a8d
Cite as: arXiv:2103.13452 [cs.RO]
  (or arXiv:2103.13452v1 [cs.RO] for this version)

Submission history

From: Anh Tuan Nguyen [view email]
[v1] Wed, 24 Mar 2021 19:11:58 GMT (17745kb,D)

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